Creator of Bitcoin – who is he?

Satoshi Nakamoto is how the creator of Bitcoin is known. And although we don’t know who Satoshi Nakamoto is or was, we do know what he has done.

No one knows his identity, something that makes all this more mysterious. The status of Satoshi is a subject that always generates curiosity, so in 2015 we published this article echoing the information that was available to date. And in 2018 we decided to make another one more concrete about the people who are most likely to be Satoshi according to the numerology within Cryptolandia:

Particular post about people who could be (or not) Satoshi Nakamoto

In 2009 he published the first version of the bitcoin client and participated with others in the project until his presence began to dilute towards the end of 2010.

He worked with others at the beginning although he took great care not to make personal information visible and the last one he knew about him/he was in the spring of 2011 when he said he was “to other things.”

But it’s Japanese, isn’t it?

“Satoshi” means “clear, witty, wise thinking.”

“Naka” can mean “medium, relationship.”

“Moto” can mean “origin or creation.”


We cannot know for sure if he was Japanese or not, not even his sex, age or any other data.

We could even be talking about a group of people instead of just one individual.

Does anyone know who Nakamoto is?

No, but the conclusions people reach when they start investigating can lead to even more interesting information. Joshua Davis of the New Yorker believes that Satoshi Nakamoto is Michael Clear, a crypto student at Trinity College in Dublin.

He drew this conclusion after analyzing 80,000 words from Nakamoto’s writings and looking for grammatical coincidences.

He also suspected the sociologist, economist and even Finnish video game developer Vili Lehdonvirta.

Both have denied being the creators of bitcoin, doing so in public Michael Clear at the 2013 Web Summit.

Adam Penenberg of Fast Company contradicted that information by ensuring that Nakamoto was three people:

Neal King, Vladimir Oksman and Charles Bry.

He came to this conclusion by writing loose sentences from Nakamoto’s scientific article on Google to see if they were used anywhere else.

One of them, “computationally impractical to reverse”, was part of a request to register a patent requested by these three persons, with a system to update and distribute encryption keys.

The bitcoin.org domain initially used to publish the scientific article created by Satoshi had been registered three days before the patent request.

He registered in Finland, and one of the patent authors had travelled there six months before the domain was registered.

All the “involved” deny it.

In any case, when the bitcoin.org domain was registered on August 18, 2008, he/she who registered it used an anonymous Japanese registration service and the hosting used a Japanese ISP.

The site registration was later transferred to Finland on May 18, 2011.

Curiously, the domain with extension “.com” was registered on January 4, 2008 … maybe it is just by chance. 

Some people suppose to think it was Martii Malmi, a developer from Finland who has been involved in the development of bitcoin from the beginning, creating its user interface.

He has also signed up for Jed McCaleb, a lover of Japanese culture who lives there and who created Mt. Gox and co-founded Ripple and later Stellar.

Israelis Dorit Ron and Adi Shamir of the Weizmann Institute retracted the allegations made in an article suggesting a link between Satoshi and Silk Road, the black market dismantled by the FBI in October 2013.

They suggested a link between an address that supposedly belonged to Satoshi and the site.

Security researcher Dustin D. Trammel owned the address and claimed that he was Satoshi.

In May 2013, internet pioneer Ted Nelson added more firewood to the fire by ensuring (video 1, video 2) that Satoshi could be the Japanese mathematician Shinichi Mochizuki, although he admits that the evidence is circumstantial at best.

In February 2014, Leah McGrath Goodman of the Newsweek claimed to have found the real Satoshi Nakamoto. Dorian S Nakamoto has since denied that he knows anything related to Bitcoin, coming to hire a lawyer and making an official statement.

Hal Finney, Michael Weber, Wei Dai and other developers are among the names that occasionally come to light in media reports and discussions in online forums as potential “Satoshis”.

A group of forensic linguists at Aston University believe that the real creator is retired law professor Nick Szabo, based on the analysis of the bitcoin scientific article.

Dominic Frisby, a comedian and writer, also suggests that Szabo is the candidate with the most weight to be Satoshi in his book “Bitcoin: The Future of Money.”

His detailed analysis takes into account the linguistic factors of what Satoshi wrote in addition to his knowledge in C ++ and his probable birthday.

To a large extent, all these potential candidates for Satoshi have insisted that they are not the creators of bitcoin.

Michael Weber has not yet replied.

Some even think that Bitcoin has been the creation of 4 leading technological companies since the name of Satoshi Nakamoto has clues to them: Samsung, Toshiba, Nakamichi, and Motorola.

Anyway, others think it wasn’t even Japanese. His English, in the texts he wrote, show typical idiomatic nuances of native English.

What do we know about him?

His programming skills were not conventional, according to the words of developer Jeff Garzik, since he said he did not apply the same tests on the code that you would expect from a classic computer engineer.

What do we know about the creator of Bitcoin?

Did you work for the government?

Although there are rumours that Satoshi could work for one of the “three letter” intelligence agencies or perhaps even a shadow organization in search of a common currency on which to dominate the planet, developer Jeff Garzik makes it clear:

“Satoshi published an open-source system so that no one needed to know who he was or what knowledge he had. Open-source software makes it impossible for secrets to be hidden. The source code speaks for itself.”

Moreover, he was intelligent for having used a pseudonym, he says, since it forces people to focus on the technology rather than on the guessing who is behind it.

Today, Bitcoin is much larger than the figure of Satoshi Nakamoto. It hardly matters who it is for many.